Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Until the 1990s, STDs were widely known as venereal diseases. The adjective ‘Aphrodite’ comes from the name Aphrodite (Venereal from the Latin Venus), who was the ancient Greek and Roman goddess of love. Social disease was another euphemism. They are transmitted through sexual intercourse and most of them are treatable. Others, such as herpes, warts and AIDS – all caused by viruses – have no radical and causal treatment.

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What is gonorrhea?

Also known as ‘gonorrhea’, it is a microbial infection that is transmitted through sexual contact and not from the toilets and handles. In men it is manifested by secretion of pus from the urethra while in women it often does not give symptoms. If left untreated it causes serious health complications. It is relatively easy to treat with drugs and its prevention is done with the use of condoms.

What is a chlamydial infection?

It is a microbial infection that resembles gonorrhea in terms of transmission and symptoms. It is more difficult to diagnose but there are several antibiotics to treat it. Without treatment it can cause serious complications, such as epididymitis in men and inflammatory pelvic disease, and even sterilization in women.

What is syphilis?

Bacterial infection, caused by spirochetes. There are three stages of the disease. In the first stage we have an ulcer in the genitals, it is very contagious and can last from 1-5 weeks. Even without treatment this stage usually subsides. But 25% of these people will progress to the next stage, secondary syphilis. At this stage there is a characteristic rash and fever and the contagion of the disease remains high. In the third stage (rare today) the disease affects the nervous system and the heart, is not usually contagious, and can even lead to death.

What is genital herpes?

It is a viral infection that is sexually transmitted. Symptoms usually begin with itching in the genitals followed by redness, blisters and painful sores. The disease is contagious throughout this period, while after the disappearance of ulcers it ceases to be contagious. It can be transmitted to other parts of the body (eg eyes) so it is recommended to strictly observe the rules of hygiene, use a condom and in a period of exacerbation to avoid any sexual activity.

What are warts?

They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) which is also the cause of warts. They are transmitted through sexual contact and most people infected with HPV have no symptoms and are unaware that they have the infection. It can cause itching and pain, while in women it predisposes to the appearance of cervical cancer. Condoms do not protect completely.

What is AIDS?

AIDS is a contagious disease caused by the Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). This virus causes weakening of the immune system and a consequent increase in its susceptibility to infections and tumors.

What is hepatitis B?

The cause is the HBV virus which causes inflammation in the liver. Most people think that they are not STDs, but one of the most common routes of transmission is sexual intercourse.


The most important conclusion about STDs is that they can be prevented. Today the risks of these diseases are underestimated by many. The use of condoms can help reduce these infections, but it does not protect against all cases.

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