Acne is the most common disease of adolescence, although it sometimes occurs in adulthood and is characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Common acne, which is the one that concerns most people, has the unique feature of itchy, open (black spots) and closed (small white spots) that fill the hair follicle and is its mildest manifestation.

The causes are not known although it is a multifactorial disease. The factors involved in its appearance are:

  • Family history (heredity)
  • hormonal disorders
  • Stress
  • Skin irritation
  • Use of certain medications
  • Use of anabolic steroids and various drugs
  • Use of oily cosmetics
Χατζηγιαννάκης Ευστράτιος - Δερματολόγος - Ιωάννινα


Acne is contagious.

Fact: It is not a contagious disease unless it is a staph infection.

Fatty foods and chocolate make acne worse.

Fact: What can make it worse is the sudden increase in body weight, while the possible effect of carbonated soft drinks and dairy products is being investigated.

Facial cleansing.

Fact: The process of cleansing the face is contraindicated, as well as crushing, pressing, scratching the acne lesions, because with similar manipulations a severe deterioration with scarred lesions can be observed.

The sun is a "friend" in the treatment of acne.

Fact: We may have the impression that the sun cures acne because it tans the skin and “hides” the scars, but after sun exposure the sebaceous glands are stimulated and our skin becomes more oily.

Will it leave marks?

Fact: Properly covered, it will withstand a great deal of adverse conditions. Of course, if it eventually leaves scars, there are modern treatments that can alleviate or even eliminate them. The main methods are:

Peeling: mainly chemicals that smooth the skin, although we will need more than one application to have the desired results.

Dermabrasion: eliminates hypertrophic or atrophic scars.

Lasers: such as ablative and non-ablative fractional lasers that regenerate the skin and mobilize collagen production to reduce acne scars.


  • Topical medicines
  • Oral therapy
  • Lasers Er: Glass at 1550 nm or with photodynamic therapy, which reduce the population of p. acnes and cause shrinkage of the sebaceous glands.

Acne requires timely treatment to prevent recurrence and scarring. Acne is a disease, not a simple cosmetic problem. You need medical help and there is no reason to be ashamed of your problem.

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